Hagia Sophia


Hagia Sophia
   Justinian I's (q.v.) great church in Constantinople (q.v.), built from 532-537, dedicated to the holy wisdom (hagia sophia) of God. It was erected on the ruins of a fourth-century basilica burned down in the Nika Revolt (q.v.) of 532. Justinian's architects, Anthemios of Tralles and Isidore of Miletos (qq.v.), may have been inspired by the church of St. Polyeuktos, built the decade previous. They created a domed basilica of incredible size, resting on a square formed of four arches and further supported by four pen-dentives (q.v.) in the corners of the arches, 55 meters above the floor. The first dome was too shallow and collapsed in 558. Isidore the Younger (q.v.) replaced it with a steeper ribbed dome, 31 meters in diameter, which, despite partial collapses in 989 and 1346, has survived to the present day. Viewed from inside the church, the dome (840 square meters) seems to hover over the spectator, and one's eyes move restlessly to the amorphous space that expands beyond the dome into galleries, outer bays, half-domes, and apse. Its beauty was celebrated by the poet Paul the Silentiarios (q.v.) in a poem delivered in 563, which is the best contemporary account of its internal arrangements. Justinian himself, when viewing the completed church, is said to have boasted that he had outdone Solomon. Indeed, the monumentality of Hagia Sophia remained unique in Byzantine architecture.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Hagia Sophia — (2006) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hagia Sophia —   [griechisch »heilige Weisheit«], türkisch Ayasọfya, Hauptkirche des Byzantinischen Reiches in Konstantinopel. Ein erster Bau wurde um 360 vollendet, 415 nach einem Brand (404) neu geweiht (Teile der angefügten Portikushalle ausgegraben), doch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hagia Sophia — (d.i. heilige Sophia), die Sophienkirche in Constantinopel, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hagia Sophia — For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). Aghia Sophia redirects here. For the steamship, see SS Aghia Sophia. Hagia Sophia Ayasofya (Turkish) Ἁγία Σοφία (Greek) Sancta Sophia (Latin) …   Wikipedia

  • Hagia Sophia — Sainte Sophie (Constantinople) 41° 00′ 31″ N 28° 58′ 48″ E / 41.0085, 28.98 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hagia Sophia — noun a 6th century masterpiece of Byzantine architecture in Istanbul; built as a Christian church, converted to a mosque in 1453, and made into a museum in the middle of the 20th century • Syn: ↑Hagia Sofia, ↑Santa Sophia, ↑Santa Sofia • Instance …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hagia Sophia — (Greek: Holy Wisdom ) Church in Istanbul, later a mosque and now a museum. It is the masterpiece of Byzantine architecture. Designed under Justinian I by Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, the original building was completed in less… …   Universalium

  • Hagia Sophia — noun /ˈha.jə soˈfi.ə/ a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey …   Wiktionary

  • HAGIA SOPHIA —    See BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE; ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Hagia Sophia — Ha|gia So|phia, die; <griechisch> (Kirche in Istanbul [heute ein Museum]) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung